According to the plans of the Russian Ministry for Nuclear Energy, Russian nuclear power plants should generate 174 TWh of electricity in 2005 and 212 TWh in 2010 in comparison with 131 TWh in 2000. This plan is stipulated by the new federal program Energy Efficient Economics in 2002-2005 and until 2010, Alyans Media reports.
In 2005, the capacity of the Russian nuclear power plants should reach 25.24 GW and 30.05 GW in 2010. This can be achieved by extending the operational lifetime of the reactors for 10 extra years than the original design project suggests:
1. Novovoronezh NPPs reactors no. 3 (30 years old), 4 (29 years old), 5 (21 years old) with total capacity 1834 MW;
2. Kola NPPs reactors no. 1 (28 years old), 2 (27 years old) with total capacity 880 MW;
3. Leningrad NPPs reactors no. 1 (28 years old), 2 (23 years old), 3 (22 years old) with total capacity 3000 MW;
4. Kursk NPPs reactors no. 1 (25 years old), 2 (23 years old) with total capacity 2000 MW;
5. Bilibinsk NPPs reactors no. 1 (28 years old), 2 (28 years old), 3 (26 years old), 4 (25 years old) with total capacity 48 MW;
6. Beloyarsk NPPs reactor no. 3 (20 years old) with 600 MW capacity.
Western technical aid was given to upgrade all the mentioned reactors, mainly their safety systems. The performed upgrade is going to be a serious argument in the application for the operational lifetime prolongation of the ageing reactors.
Besides, the program stipulates the completion of Rostov NPPs second reactor, Kalinin NPPs third reactor, Kursk NPPs fifth reactor, Balakov NPPs fifth reactor.