Obama’s speech seems poised to chart a course for bypassing a recalcitrant and foot dragging Congress by exercising his executive power on a gamut running from power plants to energy standards for appliances.
In a video blog posted to the White House site on Saturday and shared on its twitter account, Obama repeated his contention that climate change is the challenge of a generation.
Obama is expected to deliver his speech at 13:45 Eastern Daylight Time at Washington’s Georgetown University. In his video blog, he said the speech would include measures to “reduce carbon pollution, prepare our country for the impacts of climate change and to lead global efforts to fight climate change and lead global efforts to fight it.”
Advancing that agenda is expected to rely on a series of executive actions that various federal agencies can take to address greenhouse gas emissions, Politico reported. The president said he would make such a move in his State of the Union address in February if Congress failed to act.
Obama has said repeatedly he would tackle climate change, but has been blocked by Congress.
“There’s no single step that can reverse the effects of climate change,” he said in his Saturday video address.
The White House video did not disclose any details Saturday about what steps Obama may call for.
What to expect from the speech
But his senior energy and climate adviser, Heather Zichal said last week in a previous announcement of the upcoming speech at a forum sponsored by The New Republic magazine that controls on greenhouse gas emissions from power plants would be a major focus.
She also said the plan would boost energy efficiency of appliances and buildings, plus expand renewable energy.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), using its authority under the Clean Air Act, has already proposed controls on new plants, but the rules have been delayed – to the chagrin of states and environmental groups threatening to sue over the delays, the Associated Press reported.
Environmental groups in the US have been pushing Obama to clamp down on emissions not only from new plants, but existing ones as well.
Coal-fired power plants are the single largest source of America’s greenhouse gas emissions – responsible for up to 40 percent of carbon pollution – and have long been a target of environmental campaigners.
Flexing executive muscle
Zichal in her remarks earlier last week also indicated EPA regulations would be part of Obama’s climate plan, the Guardian reported.
“Going forward, obviously the EPA is going to be working very hard on rules that focus specifically on greenhouse gas emissions from the coal sector,” she was quoted by the Guardian as saying in her appearance at the New Republic forum. “They’re doing a lot of important work on that space.”
Obama has come under intense pressure to cut emissions from power plants from prominent figures in north-eastern states hit by Super storm Sandy in October 2012.
While environmental groups applaud that Obama is finally releasing an executive action plan, the powerful National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) underscored that it wanted to see proposals for existing power plants.
“Combating climate change means curbing carbon pollution – for the first time ever – from the biggest single source of such dangerous gases: our coal-fired power plants,” said Frances Beinecke, president of the National Resources Defense Council, in a statement. “We stand ready to help President Obama in every way we can.”
Obama is also expected to step up government programs promoting the expansion of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power especially on public land, according to his video remarks.
Keystone XL pipeline unlikely to come up
Obama will also be under the gun in his Sunday speech to offer environmentalists some remarks about the Keystone XL pipeline project, which would carry tar sands crude from Alberta to refineries on the Texas Gulf Coast in one of the more environmentally dangerous proposals confronting the White House.
A number of prominent Democrats – as well as 145 veterans of Obama’s election campaigns – have come out against the pipeline, which its proponents cast as an invaluable souce of oil recovery from freindly nations. But the fact that the oil would run to the US gulf coast strongly suggests it would first and foremost be an export product.
Further, bringing tar sands oil to market burns more hydrocarbons, which is the dirtiest type of oil, leaving an enormous carbon footprint, Dr. Andrew Light of the Center for American Progress has told Bellona.
The EPA has additionally calculated that on a well-to-tank basis, tar sands oil emits 82 percent more greenhouse gasses than conventional crude oil, Inside Climate News reported
Obama has been procrastinating on making his decision over the pipeline for years, having last shelved making a decision on it in 2012.
But a May report from Reuters suggested that the Obama administration is unlikely to make a concrete decision on the pipeline until November or December or even until 2014.
“The president has to be able to show that the administration looked under every stone to ensure it knew as much as it possibly could about the impact of Keystone,” and administration official told Reuters on the condition of anonymity.