Photo: (Foto: Bo Mathisen/Hafslund)
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“We must also acknowledge that increasing poverty and lacking development doesn’t just come from the developed nations greed and consumption, but also our own development paradigms and non-compliance,” said Mkapa
Mkapa has a lot of clout in the negotiations for a new international climate agreement, which will be concluded in Copenhagen this December. He is an advisor to Tanzania, which has been chosen as the negotiations leader for developing nations in the Group of 77 (G77), the caucus organization that helps developing states pursue common goals and develop leverage in United Nations deliberations
Mkapa said further that the problems is not that African leaders aren’t acquainted with the need for a carbon market, investment in clean technology or financial accommodation toward climate change. But they also know that their nations only account for four percent of the world’s total emissions.
Vulnerable to the climate
“We are very vulnerable before the effects of climate change for our existence and survival,” said Mkapa.
Among other things, the last years have shown fewer crops and mounting uncertainty about food supplies.
Mkapa said that other factors are also making African leaders put climate change solutions on the back burner.
“They have been dedicated to hindering stagnation and have promoted economic development,” he said.
The poorest part of the world
Sub-Saharan nations constitute the poorest parts of the world, where most people live on less than a dollar a day.
According to Mkapa, a new climate agreement must take into account the challenges of a green economy with a full understanding of African reality, where a healthy economic system is the backbone of economic and social welfare, as well as a prerequisite to reducing poverty.
“But in the short view, and presumable for the slightly longer view, we are dependent on help,” said Mkapa.
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