The spill, which has been hushed for days by the local administration in the Komi Republic, according to activists and independent journalists, was first noticed on May 22, when local residents of Kolva Village began to see huge slicks of oil flowing down the Kolva River toward the Pechora River, and further out to the Barents Sea.
A Bellona source within the Komi administration, who spoke anonymously because he was not authorized to discuss the event, said in an email interview that the leak has been stopped, but that reaching estimates on how much oil spilled, as well as establishing the reason for the spill, will be difficult.
Greenpeace International reported in a June 4 posting that 100 tons, or 730 barrels of oil had leaked into the Kolva river.
According to various reports, “oil containing liquids” began issuing into the Kovla River due to a loss of integrity in an underwater pipeline owned by Rusvietpetro, Russian-Vietnamese joint venture.
The Komi administration source that the pipeline ruptured as early as winter, and that the sludge was only now becoming visible.
Activists groups have suggested that Rusvietpetro is in the habit of hiding its spills, and the Bellona source said that the current spill was a case in point.
“Apparently, Rusvietpetro concealed the pipe burst because its general director, Viktor Abmayev, was due for a promotion, [and] as soon as [the promotion] came down, the company stopped hiding its responsibility for the burst,” said the Bellona source in the Komi administration.
Spokespeople for Rusvietpetro’s headquarters in the Komi Republic would not respond to several telephone requests for comment from Bellona on Wednesday on the Komi administration source’s remarks.
Since the initial gagging of local reporters, the official government portal of the Komi Region has begun to publish sketchy statistical information on cleaning efforts nearly daily, but the site has not posted any information on the amount of oil spilled.
Initial reports published only by activist groups
The first reports about the oil slick coating the surface of the Kolva River began to pour into Greenpeace Russia on May 22, the day the leak became visible to local residents. Greenpeace then began to publish witness reports from the site on May 27.
The official Komi Republic portal did not begin to publish information on the leak or clean up efforts (in Russian) until June 4, causing a delay in official information about the spill of eight days.
Official reports attack activists…
In his first pubic announcement on the spill via the Komi portal, regional governor and coordinator of the spill liquidation effort, Vycheslav Gayzer, went immediately on the defensive
“This incident has had wide public resonance,” he wrote. “Among people who are truly worried about the incident, there are a number of people who are trying to earn political dividends on an alleged hush-up of information, and attempts to hide the scale of the problem. This is fundamentally untrue,” he said, adding that, “I consider that liquidating the consequences of the accident must be maximally transparent to the media and the public.”
…Though promise to bring culprits to justice
But he also promised to bring those responsible to account, adding further that the spill is evidence of extreme negligence practiced by those responsible for maintaining the pipeline.
“They must answer in full for what happened and I request that law enforcement agencies take this matter into special consideration, and that the punishment must be harsh,” said Gayzer.
Cleanup response sluggish
As of Tuesday, the Komi portal reported that 235 cubic meters of oil sludge had been collected from the surface of the Kolva river and that some 130 cubic meters remained to be siphoned off. It also said that 23,350 meters of riverbank had been cleaned, and that 2,210 meters of oil blocking booms had been laid out.
But Greenpeace reports collected by local activists and journalists indicate the initial responses from officialdom in late May were far from helpful.
Residents take oil into their own hands
The Komi Rebublic town of Usinsnk on May 28 hosted a public meeting, which was pressured out of authorities by activists. At the meeting, Alexander Tian, head of the Usinsk administration, told the attending residents in exasperation that: “If you do not want to breathe in oil fumes, you should take a boat out and remove the oil yourself.”
According to Greenpeace, local residents did exactly that, with an apparent offer from the Komi Administration of 10,000 rubles ($300) per barrel of oil recovered.
As of the official report from the Komi Republic portal on Tuesday, clean up efforts were indeed comprised of several local volunteers, but that of the 117 working to clean up the spill, only 11 are from Rusveitpetro, the company responsible for the leak.
Other spill liquidation workers come from the specialized emergency cleanup group Nature, which has supplied 94 personnel.
Difficulty in assigning blame
But confusion still remains about who is in, in fact, charge of the cleanup effort. A local representative of the Ministry for Emergency Situations what quoted by Greenpeace as saying that: “A mitigation plan for oil spills has been put into operation, but we don’t have it. Ask Rusvietpetro for it.”
Local prosecutors, meanwhile are struggling to evaluate the extent of damage caused by the spill because the ruptured Rusvietpetro pipe has been replaced. This makes calculating the amount spilled and the monetary damages that should be assigned difficult.
But local prosecutors in this oil spill prone region do not expect matters to go further than the initiation of a light administrative violation case.
Bellona’s source in the Komi administration said that the fines that may eventually be levied will not equal the cost of cleaning up the spill’s aftermath.