Climate change

According to the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) it is imperative that we prevent a global warming of more than 2oC in order to stop the most dramatic consequences of climate change. Scientific evidence tells us that the global temperature will increase by more than 2oC by the end of this century if we continue business as usual, bringing uncontrollable and irreversible climate change.

The good news is that it is possible to reduce the risks of dramatic consequences by reducing greenhouse gas emissions significantly and quickly. CO2 emissions are the most important to tackle and CCS is one of the main mechanisms to do so.

The 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is clear on CCS:

“Many models cannot reach about 450 ppm CO2eq concentration by 2100 in the absence of CCS [CO2 Capture & Storage], resulting in a low number of scenarios for the right panel” (IPCC, 2014).

“Many models could not achieve atmospheric concentration levels of about 450 ppm CO2eq by 2100 if additional mitigation is considerably delayed or under limited availability of key technologies, such as bioenergy, CCS, and their combination (BECCS)” (IPCC, 2014).

Like all environmental NGOs Bellona regards increased energy efficiency and renewable energy as the ultimate solutions to avoid the most dramatic consequences of climate change and reach a low-carbon society. However, Bellona is convinced the data that shows sufficient reductions of CO2 emissions are impossible without a combination of available solutions, including CCS and Bio-CCS. We therefore work on and advocate for a suite of climate technologies and their holistic integration.

Figure 3 CCS Some solutions to global warming: Electrical cars and low energy houses with power production from solar cells Credit: Prosjektlab

Figure 4 CCS Some solutions to global warming: Wind energy and a biomass power plant with CCS Credit: Prosjektlab